In an era marked by the increasingly palpable ramifications of climate change, the interplay between its impacts and humanitarian crises has intensified. Marginalised and vulnerable communities in the developing countries, despite their minimal contribution to climate adversities, find themselves grappling not only with the direct climatic and environmental consequences of climate change but also with a myriad of pre-existing humanitarian and developmental challenges. These communities are also confronting both historical and systemic inequalities, underscoring the urgent need for climate justice.

At COP27 in Sharm el-Sheikh in 2022, a landmark agreement was forged, establishing a fund and funding arrangements to provide crucial financial support to address loss and damage. It is vital for the humanitarian, development, peace, human rights, and climate communities to operate in tandem. Their unified voice is crucial in ensuring the delivery of loss and damage finance to the affected communities. By fostering collaboration, we can secure a more holistic, comprehensive, and effective approach, reinforcing our commitment to safeguarding the rights, protection, dignity, and livelihoods of those most affected by the multifaceted challenges of climate change.

We are witnessing and enduring the repercussions of human-induced climate change everywhere, yet the impacts are disproportionately burdening those least responsible for causing the climate crisis, and it is only poised to worsen. The scale, frequency, and duration of climate-related extreme weather events are escalating, presenting new challenges due to slow onset processes such as sea level rise, loss of biodiversity, and the accelerating pace of desertification, all of which demand attention. While communities, local and national responders; and humanitarians are at the frontlines of this crisis, the overwhelming and escalating needs far surpass their capacities to absorb and recover from shocks. Moreover, the existing humanitarian financing system is ill-equipped to adequately respond to multiple and compounding climate impacts.

To address both economic and non-economic loss and damage arising from slow-onset processes and rapid-onset events, there is a need for a substantial increase in finance and in national capacities, through the Loss and Damage Fund, which can be accessed by countries and communities promptly. This is crucial to prevent communities from unjustly suffering the current, immediate, and prolonged ill-effects of human-induced climate change. Consequently, additional resources are essential to address loss and damage, thereby complementing the role played by the humanitarian system.

We are joining together to support the urgent calls for loss and damage finance under the UNFCCC based on four priorities: access, adequacy, additionality, and accountability.

Access: All developing countries necessitate and are entitled to loss and damage finance based on the principles of equity, justice and human rights. Special attention must be accorded to ensure that particularly marginalised and climate-vulnerable communities and individuals, on the frontline today and in the future, are able to access the loss and damage finance they need, as directly as possible. This must align with Grand Bargain commitments on localisation. Access should also be flexible, multi-year, timely, transparent, equitable and administratively light in the context of rapid-onset and slow-onset impacts.

Adequacy: Climate change is indisputably costly, with the annual costs already amounting to hundreds of billions of dollars in developing countries. As the frequency, scale, and duration of climate-induced extreme weather events and impacts of slow-onset events escalate, more and more people will continue to be affected in ways that surpass their capacity to fully recover from these recurrent calamities. Therefore, substantial financial resources are not merely desirable; they are essential. This includes fulfilling commitments for new and additional climate finance and addressing the shortfall in humanitarian finance. It is crucial that loss and damage finance is appropriately scaled to fully cover both the economic and non-economic costs of rehabilitation and reconstruction for affected communities. Additionally, it should equip them with the necessary tools and capabilities to build resilience to future climate-related risks and threats.

Additionality: Anchored in the principle of equity and Common But Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR-RC), developed countries are obligated under the UNFCCC to provide grant-based financing to address loss and damage in developing countries. It is imperative that this finance is new and additional to existing commitments for Official Development Assistance (ODA) to fulfil commitments under the UNFCCC and to have a meaningful impact on the lives of those most affected. Double counting, relabeling funds from one priority to another, or providing funding in the form of loans is unacceptable. Such approaches fail to address the true magnitude of the climate crisis and do not meaningfully serve the communities and individuals impacted by climate change. Additionality is a matter of both climate justice and operational necessity to meet the needs and protect the rights of the affected people.

Accountability: Accountability is central to loss and damage finance and is required at multiple levels. The repercussions of loss and damage are traceable to the actions, or inactions, of historical polluters responsible for the climate crisis, who bear the obligation to cover the costs of the harm inflicted. The governing body of the Loss and Damage Fund must establish robust systems to ascertain that finance earmarked for addressing loss and damage is distinctly accounted for, based on agreed criteria, and is disclosed publicly to maintain transparency. Both recipient and contributing nations must operate with utmost integrity, adapting their responses to the genuine needs of communities and respecting the human rights of local communities and the Free, Prior, and Informed Consent of Indigenous peoples. This commitment goes beyond mere assistance; it is about empowering impacted communities and individuals by fulfilling their rights to access information and to public participation, thus enabling agency amidst challenges.


As climate threats escalate, prioritising substantial, timely, and accessible funding to support those most vulnerable to climate change is more than a moral duty – it’s an existential imperative.

We demand:

  1. Initiate immediate measures to address the scale of loss and damage finance. This encompasses fulfilling commitments for new and additional climate finance, closing the gap in humanitarian finance, and scaling loss and damage finance to fully address the rehabilitation and reconstruction needs of impacted communities. Moreover, ensure that communities are equipped with the necessary tools to build resilience against future climate-related risks.

  2. Timely, flexible, predictable, multi-year funding support for both rapid-onset and slow-onset impacts, enabling affected individuals and communities to rebuild their lives and livelihoods.

  3. Inclusive and equitable access to loss and damage finance by developing countries, with a special emphasis on enabling leadership and direct access for local actors, marginalised and vulnerable communities. Empower these communities with skills and resources to prepare, respond and recover from climate impacts.

  4. Unequivocal commitment and accountability from historical polluter countries to provide grant-based financing for loss and damage, emphasising that this finance must be genuinely new and additional to Official Development Assistance (ODA).

  5. Prohibit any double counting or relabelling of funds and maintain transparency and adherence to the principles of human rights, equity, and Common But Differentiated Responsibilities (CBDR-RC) in allocations for loss and damage finance. The Loss and Damage Fund must institute robust systems to manage funds transparently, ensuring they are accounted for separately according to agreed criteria.

  6. Both recipient and contributing nations must uphold unwavering integrity in implementing measures consistent with human rights to empower impacted individuals and communities amidst climate-related challenges.

This is the year in which governments must unite to establish a Loss and Damage Fund for communities unjustly affected by climate change. We stand in solidarity with them, unified as humanitarian, development, peace, human rights, and climate communities in our urgent call.

170 organisations have signed the call to action for Loss and Damage Finance

Abibinsroma Foundation

Abs Development Organization for woman &Child


Action against Hunger International

Action for Humanity

ActionAid International

ADO Abs development organization for woman and child


Africa Humanitarian Action (AHA)

African Coalition on Green Growth

AFVMC Assistance to Families and Victims of Clandestine Migrations

Aid Organization

Aid Vision


All India Disaster Mitigation Institute


Arjon Foundation


Association Malienne pour la Survie au Sahel

Association pour l’Integration et le Developpement Durable au Burundi, AIDB (Indigenous Forum in the UN ECOSOC status)

Bangladesh NGOs Network for Radio and Communication

Barokupot Ganochetona Foundation

Bondeko Refugee Livelihoods Center

CADME (Coastal Area Disaster Mitigation Efforts)


Canadian Interfaith Fast For the Climate

CARE International

Caritas Internationalis


Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology (CREST) Philippines

CHD Group

Christian Aid

Church World Service

Climate Action Network Australia

Climate Action Network Southeast Asia

Climate Refugees

COAST Foundation

Collectif des Organisations des jeunes Solidaires du Congo Kinshasa ” COJESKI RDC/NORD-KIVU”

Community Restoration Initiative Project

CONA-T(Coordination of National NGOs in Chad)

Concern For Integrated Devlopment

Concern Worldwide

Conseil National des Fora des Ongs Humanitaires et de Développement de la RDCD “CONAFOHD RDC”

Cooperazione Internazionale – COOPI

Corporate Europe Observatory (CEO)

Cuso International

Dalit with Disabilities Association Nepal (DDAN)

Danish Refugee Council

Development Initiatives


Emmaus International

Endam Home of Hope

Environmental Defence Canada

Equity and Justice Working Group, Bangladesh [EquityBD]

Fast For the Climate

Federation of NGOs in Togo (FONGTO)

Femme et Développement (FEDE)

Femmes et Développements (FEDE)

Finnish Refugee Council

Fondation Terre des hommes Lausanne

Foundation for Rural Development

Friends of the Earth International

Fundamental human rights & Rural Development Association FHRRDA

Ganochetona Bangladesh

Germanwatch e.V.

Global Network of Civil Society Organisation for Disaster Reduction

Good Neighbors

Grassroot Development Support and Rural Enlightenment Initiative

Green Creation

Greenish Foundation

Ground Truth Solutions


HEDA Resource Centre

Heinrich Böll Foundation Washington, DC

HelpAge International

Hope Foundation

Human Initiative

Indigenous Peoples Global Forum for Sustainabe Development, IPGFforSD

Initiatives of Change

Inter-Agency Working Group, Eastern and Central Africa

International Refugee Assistance Project (IRAP)

International Rescue Committee


Islamic Relief Worldwide


Jordan health aid society international


KOTHOWAIN (Vulnerable Peoples Development Organization) Bandarban Hill Tract, BANGLADESH

Light House

LINK 2007


Mahatma phule samaj seva mandal


Mercy Corps

Mission East

Myanmar Youth Foundation for SDGs

National Integrated Development Association (NIDA-Pakistan)

National women Empowerment and Rehabilitation organisation NWERO

New Horizon for Social Development


Norwegian Church Aid

Norwegian Refugee Council

ObbyPress Foundation

Observatório do Clima


ONG nationale

ONG nationale Groupement Agropastoral pour le Développement de Yongoro

Organisation pour la Paix, la Démocratie, la Sécurité et le Dévéloppement dans la Region des Grands Lacs

Oxfam International

Pacific Islands Climate Action Network

Pak Mission Society (PMS)

Plan International

Plataforma Boliviana Frente al Cambio Climático

Refugee Coalition for Climate Action

Refugee Together For Social Transformation

Relief to Development Society

Resilient Future International

Risers for Relief and Development

Rumah Zakat

Rumah Zakat Indonesia

Rural Communities Development Agency (RCDA)A)

Save the Children


Secours Islamique France (SIF)


Silambam Asia

Sindh Desert Foundation

Smart Talk Cafe

Social Economic Development Society [SEDS]

Social Workers Across Borders


Somali NGO Consoritum

South Sudan NGO Forum

Southern Africa Climate Change Coalition

Southern Africa Region Climate Action Network


Swayam Shikshan Prayog

Tamdeen Youth Foundation


The Field

The Lutheran World Federation

UDAYAN – Bangladesh

UNASCAD (Union des Amis Socio Culturels d’Action en Developpement)

United Force for

United Peace Organization UPO

Universidade Eduardo Mondlane

« Union pour la Promotion/Protection, la Défense des Droits Humains et de l’Environnement en sigle UPDDHE/GL »

University of Calabar


Vanuatu Women Against Crime and Corruption (WACC) Advocating Group

Voice for disabled people association ( VDPA)

Voice of South Bangladesh



Womankind Kenya

World Mediation Association (WMA)

World Silambam Association (WSA)

World Vision

World Vision International

World Yoga Association

WWF International

YPSA (Young Power in Social Action)

Zamzam Foundation

Zimbabwe Climate Change Coalition